Stack Data Structure- Read More About It

In this article, you will understand what a stack is and learn how it is used and implemented. However, a combined description of this data format and its functions will be discussed and explained here. All questions about this topic will be answered at the end of this article. Let us know more detail about ‘Stack Data Structure’.

Stack Data Structure

Stack Data Structure

A stack is a direct data structure usually placed in consecutive order, that is, one operation performed after the order. This results in the LAST IN FIRST OUT format, which means that the last data to go in is the first data to go out. 

What Are The Operations/Practices on the Stack?

The practices/operations on the stack are MAINLY 2 in number.

  • PUSH Operation: This practice suggests inserting a brand new or extra piece into the stack. This usually comes in from the top of the stack. It means that we have to repeatedly check if the top is vacant or if it is not. That is TOP=Max 1. In a situation where this statement goes wrong, it indicates that the stack is at its maximum capacity, and nothing more can be or should be entered or inserted. Although we may try to put in the element, a signal will be displayed on the screen to show excess. 
  • POP Operation: This is the removal of an element from the stack. Before deleting or removing an element, always check if the stack Top is EMPTY or NULL. That is, TOP=NULL. This statement indicates that the stack is vacant and nothing can be removed. If you try to remove stack underflow, a signal will be provided or produced.

Under the practices/operations on the stack, there are other operations like:

  • PEEK: Anytime we have to get back the value of the highest element of the stack to prevent it from being removed from the stack, we use the PEEK practice or operation. It firstly inspects if the stack is vacant or empty. i.e., TOP=NULL, if it is as displayed, a suitable signal or message will show on the screen, or else, there will be a return of the value.
  • isFULL: This process helps you know if the stack is full or not. 
  • isEMPTY: This process helps you know if the stack is empty or not.

What Are the Uses of the Stack?

  1. It is used to get more information about expressions made up of operators and operands.
  2. To retrace steps.
  3. It is used to change a form of expression to another form.
  4. It can be applied to Methodical Memory administration.

How Many Types Are There? 

There are two types of the stack. These include.

  1. Register stack: This is also a storage device available in the storage unit or section, but it takes up only a small quantity of data. The depth of the stack is frequently finite in the register stack because its weight or containing the ability is very little in comparison to the storage/memory.
  2. Memory stack: Here, the stack depth is not rigid. It contains a huge quantity of storage data, but in the Register stack, there is a limited quantity of storage words that can be contained or preserved. 

Advantages of the Stack

  1. It is not hard to start.
  2. It carries out result-making data, management, and administration. 
  3. It does not have high hardware requirements.
  4. Anybody that can access it can customize the whole program.

Disadvantages of the stack

  1. It is rigid.
  2. It possesses a low scalability rate.
  3. The copy and paste operation cannot be done here.
  4. Its memory/storage size is finite.

How Can Stack be Used?

The stacking process can be done using an Array or a Linked List.

  1. Array: They are fast, but they are finite/limited in size.
  2. Linked List: They need overhead to distribute, take back, connect, and disconnect, but it is not finite in size.

Applications of the Stack in Data Structure

  1. Evaluation of expressions.
  2. Changing expressions to different forms(from infix to postfix form, infix to prefix, postfix to infix, and from prefix to infix). 
  3. Backtracking.
  4. Storage Administration and control. 


In summary, we have talked about a type of data format which is called a stack. We have come to understand and know what this data format, the stack is about. Last but not least, we touched on the description of the programming algorithm that can be used to work on the common and general activities under the stack.

With the knowledge gained from this article, individuals and companies seeking a better and less complex way to organize their data can consider using the stack.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is Stack Referred to As LIFO List? And Why?

Yes, a stack is related and can be referred to as a LIFO List. It follows the LIFO order for every operation, and this means the top is frequently indicated as the 

highest element. This means the last to go in is the first to come out as simple. Practical examples are a stack of files, plates, and books. This is a good way to store things, and it gives easy access to the stacked materials and brings about coordination. 

2. Is Stack An ADT(Abstract Data Type)?

Stack is an abstract data type. As explained in the second paragraph, it is an abstract or invisible data type in which elements are added and unadded from only the end i.e., at the top of a stack. 

3. Is There a Difference between Stack And Queue?

The distinct factor between Queue Data Structures and a Stack is that a stack moves or acts in line with the LIFO while Queue moves or acts in line with FIFO Data Structure Type. FIFO means first to go in is first to go out. It is the reverse/opposite of LIFO.

Stack Data Structure- Read More About It

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