JPA Interview Questions with answers

JPA Interview Questions

Database operations are performed by any corporate program by preserving and extracting large volumes of data. Considering all of the backup management solutions accessible, app designers frequently battle to execute database tasks reliably.

You should be prepped and familiar with the types of inquiries you might question before you begin the interview stage. Despite the fact that all interviews necessitate applicants to be able to respond on their feet, the majority of inquiries posed in JPA interviews demand you to conduct pre-research and have a fundamental framework in mind for how you intend to respond to the questions posed to you. 

The digital world is the beginning of a new era. Everything is moving too fast and the virtual world is capturing it all. For our convenience, we have designed several programs that enable us to defeat the vast volume of data. For the same reason, there are several openings in this domain and if you are prepping for a JPA developer interview, we have it covered for you. 

To keep things simpler, we’ve developed a list of specimen queries and responses that will assist you to master the interview, depending on our expertise and extensive investigation. But before diving into it let us understand what exactly JPA is.

What is JPA?

The Java Persistence API seems to be a set of criteria that deals with resilience, which is defined as any technique that allows Java objects to outlast the application session that produced them. Although nearly no Java objects must be maintained, the majority of applications do. Within your Java operations, the JPA configuration allows you to specify which things should be stored and how they should be maintained.

JPA isn’t a program or framework in and of itself; instead, it describes a collection of principles that any instrument or structure can perform. The object-relational mapping (ORM) paradigm used by JPA was founded on Hibernate at first, although it has subsequently developed. Similarly, while JPA was designed to work with relational/SQL databases, certain JPA versions have been adapted to work with NoSQL datasets. EclipseLink, the benchmark solution for JPA 2.2, is a prominent structure that integrates JPA with NoSQL.

JPA Questions For Interview 

  • What’s the distinction you can draw between Hibernate and JPA?

Amongst the most widely used open-source interpretations of the current specification is Hibernate which is JPA 2.1. Even more inclined to be the most famous, if not the default norm. That seems to be, JPA simply specifies rules and APIs, which Hibernate executes; nevertheless, Hibernate, along with many other JPA versions, contains extra functionality not specified in JPA.

  • What does the Embeddable class stand for?

An embeddable class is something that is exclusively utilized as a component of one or so more Entity classes and not as a standalone class. Solo embedded classes and groupings of such classes could both be found within an entity class. As keys or map elements, similar classes can be utilized as well. Every embedded class corresponds to only a single Entity class object at the execution moment and cannot be employed to move data across Entity class instances.

  • What are the JPA prerequisites for Entity classes that you can mention?

1) Entity classes must have Entity annotations or be described in the JPA XML configuration file.

2) An entity class should have a function Object() { [native code] } that is either open or guarded and takes no arguments. It’s also possible to have constructors that take arguments.

3) The entity class should be at the top of the hierarchy (top-level class),

4) Entity classes aren’t allowed to be enums or interfaces.

5) Entity classes are not allowed to be final classes.

6) Entity classes that engage in mappings, such as durable final procedures or persistent ultimate local variables, cannot have final attributes or actions.

  • Can you tell me the difference between JPA and Hibernate?

Among the most widely used open-source interpretations of the current incarnation is Hibernate which is JPA 2.1. JPA merely provides standards and APIs, which Hibernate executes, however, Hibernate offers supplemental functionality that isn’t covered by JPA. The standard is defined by JPA. It’s an application programming interface. On the pinnacle of JPA, Hibernate adds further functionality. However, relying on them might tie you into Hibernate.

  • What are the benefits of using JPA?

The following are some of the benefits of JPA:

ObjectDB, which was created to complement the JPA framework, improves the program designing process.

It boosts programmer efficiency because the code for connecting tables in the database as well as domain models is developed only once and may be reused for other tasks.

It is database-agnostic. On top of SQL, JPA offers a separate layer of abstraction.

  • Tell me about Object-Relational Mapping and how does it work?

Object-relational mapping also called ORM, O/RM, and O/R mapping is a programming approach for transforming values in relational datasets and inanimate object programmer dialects with mismatched type structures.

This effectively provides a “virtual object database” which can be accessed from the programming dialect itself.

We encapsulate columns or data structures in subclasses in the computer language such that we may communicate with our dataset using functions and characteristics of objects rather than SQL statements.

  • What are the various entity mapping forms?

The forms of object-relational mapping are as follows: 

Mapping one-to-one: This modeling describes a single-valued connection in which one entity’s occurrence is linked to the second entity’s occurrence. This implies that a given source entity event can only be mapped to a single target entity event

One-to-many mapping falls under the genre of collection-valued connection, in which an entity is linked to a group of certain other entities. This indicates that one entity’s sample can be mapped to any number/s of another entity’s samples.

Many-to-one mapping: This mapping demonstrates a single-valued relationship in which a group of things can be linked to one another. This implies that an entity’s multiple rows can all relate to the identical row of some other entity.

Many-to-many mapping: This mapping depicts a collection-valued relationship in which any combination of things can be linked to a group of others. This indicates that a single entity’s many rows can relate to multiple rows of other entities.

  • In JPA, what are the responsibilities of the Entity Manager?

In JPA, an entity manager is in charge of the essential responsibilities.

The entity manager is in charge of an object that is addressed by an entity.

It executes the API and incorporates everything into a single user interface.

It’s used to read, remove, and create data about an entity.

  • Tell me about the distinction between JPA and JDO.

JPA and Java Data Objects (JDO) are different database storage protocols for Java entities. JDO is a much more broad definition that covers the ORM for other conceivable foundations and archives, whereas JPA is focused solely on SQL datasets.

JDO is neutral to the technologies of the underpinning database server from an API standpoint, while JPA is designed for RDBMS datasets. Although the APIs of these two protocols do not exactly align, JPA can be considered a component of the JDO standard for relational datasets.

  • What are the characteristics of a thing?

Persistability: A tenacious item is one that is saved in a repository and can be retrieved at any time.

Persistent Identification: Entities in Java are distinct and reflect the identity of an item. When an object’s identification is saved in a repository, it is referred to as resilience identification. This entity’s identification corresponds to the database’s fundamental key.

Transactionality: A transaction is a collection of activities that either accomplish or lose as a whole. Persistence necessitates the use of transactions.

  • In JPA, what is pagination?

Pagination is the procedure of showing or retrieving a predetermined page count from a large database, which could be a portion of the entire database. All of that is typically used when only a tiny piece of the data needs to be presented to the viewer, such as on any e-commerce retailer’s website page.

The average salary of a professional who knows JPA

JPA without any doubt is a profession that is among the list of highest-paying jobs. Professionals who have their heads into JPA earn an average package of $117,140, with a monthly payment of more than $9000.


To communicate with the database, Java programmers typically require a bunch of syntaxes or a proprietary outline, however, with JPA, the effort of dealing with the database is substantially reduced. It connects object modeling with relational modeling.


Question 1

JPA is an abbreviation of?

Java Persistence API

Question 2

Who can learn JPA?

JPA is typically studied after you have a proper understanding of Java and any relational database like MySQL, Oracle. 

Question 3

What is the use of JPA?

JPA is used for many purposes such as managing, accessing and persisting the data which occurs between java objects and relational datasets along with the formation of various entity mappings such as object-relational mapping.

JPA Interview Questions with answers

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