Does anyone know National Geographic? If you’ve grown up reading their magazines or just looking at their pictures, you know what a quality brand it is. However, it is necessary to recognize the magazine’s development and the offices besides reading it. The place where National Geographic was founded and the offices that opened later tell us a lot. So what does it tell us? You can find the answers in the article. Let us know The Diversified Location Of National Geographic- As It Spread Over Time.
National Geographic, a documentary magazine, was founded in Washington DC, USA. Its style, which is unique compared to other magazines, made the magazine famous worldwide. Of course, the necessity of reaching all parts of the world enabled the magazine to localize in other countries. Now it has hundreds of offices and centers.
Historical Background of National Geographic
National Geographic Channel is a documentary channel founded in 1997. It is available worldwide in 164 countries, and 27 languages. The American Walt Disney Company owned 75 percent of the channel, and National Geographic Television & Film owned 25 percent.
It published the first issue of the journal, which was the publication organ of the society, in October 1888, 9 months after its establishment in the city of Washington. This magazine was published 12 times a year and continues its publication today.
The magazine did not appear every month until 1896, with one magazine the first year and three magazines the following year. It changed between 2 and 9 per year until 1896. Twelve magazines were published this year and per year after that.
Improving Character of National Geographic
Despite all the time that has passed, the magazine has not changed much in size. The characteristic yellow color it has been using on its covers since 1910 has never left. This yellow border on the lid has become the trademark and has operated in other products.
The magazine, which did not have a photograph on its cover until 1959, started to publish photographs on its front cover. Since it is the publication organ of a non-profit association, it never received advertisements in between pages. Advertising pages were in separate sections at the beginning and the end.
Photography has importance in the magazine, which mainly includes articles on geography, culture, discoveries, popular science, and history. The magazine, which included many famous photographers, was printing in color even in the years when color printing was rare.
The maps that have been given as the magazine supplement every month are also of interest as a particular reference. Research projects supported by the journal Since its establishment, the National Geographic Society has supported many research and exploration projects. The results are presented to the readers in detail in the journal, the publication organ.
National Geographic in Other Countries
The National Geographic Store’s locations shortly consist of London, Madrid, Malaga, Kuala Lumpur, and Singapore, aiming to be as widespread as its magazine. As the writing language options of the magazine increased, so did the locations of the company.
The magazine, which was published only in the USA and in English for many years, began to be published in another language in 1995 for the first time in its history; Japanese. Today it is published in 33 more languages. The magazine, which can only be reached by subscription in the USA, can be sold on the shelves in newsstands and bookstores in many other countries.
Other than English, National Geographic Magazine is published in 33 languages: Albanian, Bulgarian, traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (two Portuguese editions), Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, Spanish (2 separate Spanish editions), Swedish, Lithuanian, Thai and Turkish.
The Circulation of The Magazine Depending on Locations
Magazine’s current circulation is close to 12 million per month. Of these, 8.5 million are printed in the English language. The total circulation of magazines published in 32 other languages is just over 3 million. It is estimated that the magazine is read by 40 million people every month. After Winston Churchill’s death, the magazine, which gave him wide coverage in its August 1965 issue, also commissioned Decca record company to make a recording of his funeral and Churchill’s speeches. This bendable thin 45 rpm record was given to the readers along with the magazine (bound to the magazine) in that issue. Since the magazine’s circulation at that time was over 6.5 million, this record would have been distributed in 6.5 million copies, and thus it became the best-selling record until that date.
Collecting the magazine and its by-products (ephemera) have serious collectors all over the world. Especially the first issues change hands according to the condition of the magazine, but they change hands at auctions or private sales for astronomical prices. For example, the scarce number 1 has found buyers up to $11,000. Solving the copyright issue, the association reprinted the digital collection in 6 DVDs in 2009 and offered it for sale. This time the collection spanned the magazine’s 120-year period from 1888 to 2008, and the quality of the scanned images was also enhanced.
National Geographic is known for its international magazine and television channel. The interest in the magazine and television channel of the National Geographic Society, whose foundation was laid in Washington on January 13, 1888, by 33 geography enthusiast friends, has caused this name to become a brand in different fields. As you can see, National Geographic began to be read outside the United States and the need for translation arose. This enabled not only translation but also the opening of offices in the countries where the translation was made.
Frequently Asked Questions
1- Does National Geographic only work with professionals?
It works with as many professionals as possible, but there are also internship opportunities. So if you have a good CV, you can start working after training for a while.
2- Is it possible to visit the offices?
Sure! If you make an appointment, you can visit.
3- If it is a non-profit organization, how does it generate income?
The fact that the journal is non-profit does not mean that it is voluntary. When the work is popular, you will make a profit. NG generates a high income through both magazine and television broadcasts. You can see these amounts under the heading Circulation.