Basic Math Skills: What Are They?

All around the world, from the birth of a baby to the black hole formation there is some sort of math-related to it. From calculating the precise measure to accurate measurement everything involves math. It is the basic form of interpretation of humans. Let us see some basic skills of the Universal & Foundational language – math in this article. Lets know Basic Math Skills: What Are They?

Basic Math Skills: What Are They?

Math, an elementary skill that we all once parsed with the teachers to get skills and marks, will always be one of the toughest in our part of life. It all started with learning numbers. Then, classifying it as whole, natural, integers, rational & irrational numbers, and complex numbers took it a lot further. 

Too Basic

My basic math skill started up, doing some small calculations like 1+1 and others. So, the base starts from adding, subtracting, multiplication, and dividing the numbers. Like, these are the basic foundation of math and to master these skills one must be proficient in doing the calculations faster and wiser in all aspects. Concerning both home and workplace, these wiser calculations make your work a lot easier and faster. Practicing makes a lot of skill adornment within yourself! 

Moving on from too basic calculations, the percentage calculations and other kinds of stuff related to ease kinds of stuff in the market. People wiser with percentage calculation are found to be scalable in working in higher positions. These kinds of calculating percentages will lead to another major involvement in you; leading to visualization of the topic. Now, bar charts, pie charts, and other visualizations come into play. These are two basic parts of learning the foundation skills of math. The fraction and decimal part of the number operations has led the mathematicians to wide open many ways in the upcoming mathematics. The base is very much simple and wide open to learning for any people around the world. They have been the only main part to show that they have been the cause of rational and irrational numbers. Those in p/q and those not in p/q forms and many more.

Addition & Subtraction

The most basic operation one must take care of is in the additive part. Consider yourself moving into a shop and buying 23 products that cost you Rs.1337/-. Now, to cross-check your bill details you’re going through it; now, you have to be so precise and accurate here that you don’t mess up with your calculations. That may lead to some colossal damage on both sides. Now, consider you’re a data analyst working with a .xml file that has 67 rows and 1.2k columns; so, you’re now requested by the TL to cross-check the columns present in this type of file and .csv file. Now, you have to cross-check both types of files and write the records over your file. These types of works both mentioned above need a lot of predicament and accuracy which is based on all those conditions, and failing both can cause unavoidable cases in your life.

So, Additive and Subtractive cases both are too basic and ironable in one’s life.

Multiplication & Division

The 2nd most important foundational skill one wants in their analytical life is multiplicative and divisibility control. There is no no. possibilities that one may get into a situation that is uncontrollable to do some multiplicative and divisible rules over. Most often, these rules are followed in the workplace thereafter home. Consider there are 4 of your friends in a restaurant and each has Rs. 500/- in their hand and the bill costs you around Rs.2100/-. Now you are tending to do some multiplication and division among the money you guys have and with the restaurant bill. Consider you are an HR member, trying to fill some vacant position in your company. Now, you have to be very accurate in dividing all those applicants based on their skills. This division will make you both do analysis and visual stuff. Later, trying to unite all the co-operative skills in one person in their interview, may also turn your dividing and uniting skills. These are some logical and pleasant situations that will make you realize where all these analytical and other technical stuff would be carried out.


The uttermost and most prioritized part of foundational mathematics is the use of probability over applied knowledge. Probability is an analytical and assumable domain that calculates the occurrence of some events that are either predictable or not. This is the major advantage of probability over other domains in the universe. From rocket science to whether it rains today or not. Everything comes under probability. Learning this stuff will lead you to get into another domain deeper of it; that is statistics and analysis. The theory of probability was first found in the 15th century. Everything under this topic is considered an event concerning the problem. The probability of occurrence of one event is 1 and the probability of non-occurrence of another event is 0. These later develop into data visualization. This property of probability takes the next level to statistics which is a deeper and understandable and unbiased concept that can be only understood after getting through the probability part.

Data Visualization

This topic under math foundation skills was found to be weird. But still, if you want to excel in this domain of specific undertaking; you must acknowledge your base level skills with higher-level skills. Data visualization simply refers to visualizing data that has been present normally using some graphic tools like pie charts, bar charts, graphs, and other clink graphs.

      1. Pie Chart

It is normally referred to as a circle that has some info about the data present in it covered with some area of paint to show how it dominates other values. Like if a pie chart is plotted for literate and illiterate people in India, the literacy rate in India dominates the chart compared to the illiterate people. To simply say, it shows the simple ratio of how much it is considered as one part. This is the basic idea of understanding and grasping skills needed for a basic foundation. The legends in this pie chart show the title and color of the parts being plotted. This is the basic idea of data being plotted and manipulated. 

      2. Bar Chart   

It is the most used basic plot for data visualization. There lies an X and Y axis which corresponds to each value and plots a bar of a straight line with different colors in each bar to show their intimacy. This statistical stuff is the major crossover probability. They also have legends and other types of similar and same variable stuff that make them look like but show them from a different perspective from other charts. 

     3. Graphs

The base of all the data visualization in the 2-D platform is the graphs; which makes you get a visualized idea of what’s going on. The graph can be sometimes predicting or sometimes perfect in showing what it has. These kinds of graphs are the base to start with the next skill, the geometry that takes you to the next level – 3D geometry. These graphs are most of the time turned into some alterations to change into Aristotle or kink graphs.

The main example and talk of both these data visualization topics is to understand that it does not only helps to visualize data but also understand data and read it on our way. This type of understanding of the data will help you a lot to calculate the data with precision and accuracy over another type of data.


In mathematics, a percentage is several ratios that can be expressed as a fraction of 100. If we have to calculate the percent of a number, divide the number by the whole and multiply by 100. Hence, the percentage means, a part per hundred. The word percent means per 100. This is the basic ideology of what a percentage is. This is an underrated skill when compared to other skills in foundational skills. These are widely and mainly used in calculating technical stuff. Let us consider, in your workplace you’re required to calculate the attendance percentage of the staff in your crew. What are you going to do? Simply ask everyone what is your percentage of absenteeism? This is so stupid. Why don’t you open the CSV details of them and calculate over the present days by the total days multiplied by 100? This is the basic thing every employee expects from you. So, be precise in whatever you do over there! And be quick and fast enough to tell the percentage of everything you get as an assessment. This may also be the turning point in any part of your life.

Fractions & Decim

The other important foundational skill you must have also priorly known is the decimal and fractional part of numbers. Dividing a number by another number will not always return a whole number, it most of the time returns a decimal value number. These values have most probably introduced us to the topic of rational and irrational numbers, where those that are in p/q form are rational, and those that aren’t are called irrational numbers. These play an important role up in the foundational skills as they would be the key to the other master topics for later study. The fractional part of a single dollar can be spitted into either 0.5 dollars for two or o.25 dollars for 4 and many. These are the many analytical and training skills you get upon learning the decimal part of a number system.  

Unknown Valu

The last and important most basic math foundational skill is to find the unknown value in an algebraic equation. Algebraic equations are those that contain both numeric and alphabetical values to co surrender some value to the numeric that makes the equation look meaningful. These are simply known as algebraic or polynomial equations that contain some meaning in the numeric values. Let x+5y=20 and 5x+2y=10 be some two algebraic equations; the value of x and y lies in that equation that tells something about the equation. They may be acting as the roots of the equation and can sometimes rely upon other equations for the solutions too. This kind of basic situation in which you tend to find some unknown variable is very common. So, before all the knowledge, fast, and accuracy, the unknown value of some variable has to be there subtle in your hands within seconds for simple equations; complex equations take time.


So, we have almost covered all the topics of Basic Math foundational skills that are required to excel in mathematics as a beginner. This article is all about beginner-friendly mathematics and is almost concept cover idealist. It also has given perfect examples of where all these basic math skills are used for. Remember, all those basic skills are used only for beginners; whoever wants to develop their skills more in this domain has to learn linear algebra and calculus stuff for a better understanding of whatever you didn’t get into your head.

Matrices, Transforms, calculus-Differentiation, and Integration to geometry are almost 100’s and more distant topics that can be much different compared to beginner-friendly mathematics. But, what it’s all about is the understanding and time management, and speed of your processing. This is the ultimate basis of math foundation. 

Happy Learning to All! 😊

Basic Math Skills: What Are They?

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